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ZB 10 - Soft Condensed Matter (R. Holyst)

We are different, but we all do great Science; and we have a lot of fun doing it!
We are different, but we all do great Science; and we have a lot of fun doing it!
We are different, but we all do great Science; and we have a lot of fun doing it!
We are different, but we all do great Science; and we have a lot of fun doing it!
We are different, but we all do great Science; and we have a lot of fun doing it!
We are different, but we all do great Science; and we have a lot of fun doing it!
We are different, but we all do great Science; and we have a lot of fun doing it!
We are different, but we all do great Science; and we have a lot of fun doing it!

Publication

Some features of soft matter systems

Author(s): Holyst, R
Title: Some features of soft matter systems
Abstract: Pierre Gilles de Gennes was awarded a Nobel prize in physics for that methods developed for studying order phenomena in systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in to liquid crystals and polymers''}. Thanks to his works matter''} became a new legitimate discipline in physics. Soft includes a vast range of materials, which cannot be classified as liquids or solids. Many soft matter systems exhibit partially translational and/or rotational symmetry. In others we observe self-assembling into supramolecular structures leading to behavior. The partial ordering with viscoelastic topological and geometrical complexity, and long relaxations with broken symmetries and/or supramolecular assembling are main features of these systems. Among them we find liquid crystals, biological membranes, colloidal suspensions, polymer solutions and melts and blends, surfactant solutions etc. Typical models used soft matter theory are based on statistical mechanics and classical supplemented by the theory of elasticity, hydrodynamics thermodynamics of irreversible processes and also some elements of field theory. In this short overview I would like to discuss three issues related to soft matter systems: interactions, the role of the entropy, and finally the order parameter description.
Pages: 329-333
Journal: SOFT MATTER
Volume: 1
ID: ISI:000233399600002
Year: 2005
DOI: 10.1039/b509105e